Cover Image: Plowshares and Pruning Hooks

Plowshares and Pruning Hooks:
Rethinking the Language of Biblical Prophecy and Apocalyptic

D. Brent Sandy (IVP, 2002)

Blurb Review by Rev. Glenn Nesbitt.


What are we to make of Isaiah's image of swords being beaten into plowshares and spears into pruning hooks, or Mount Zion becoming the highest of mountains? Or what of Daniel's ‘beast rising out of the sea'? And how can Peter claim on the day of Pentecost that the prophecy of Joel is being fulfilled, with signs in heaven and wonders on earth, the sun turned to darkness and the moon to blood? Brent Sanday carefully considers the language and imagery of prophecy and apocalyptic, how it is used, how it is fulfilled within Scripture, and how we should read it against the horizon of the future. Clearly and engagingly written, this book is a great help in giving a solid vantage-point from which to view the landscape of prophetic and apocalyptic language and imagery.


1. What Makes Prophecy Powerful? 
2. What Makes Prophecy Problematic? 
3. How Does the Language of Prophecy Work? 
4. How Does the Language of Destruction and Blessing Work? 
5. How Does the Language of Apocalyptic Work? 
6. How Have Prophecies Been Fulfilled? 
7. How Will Prophecies Be Fulfilled? 

Appendix A: Common English and French Metaphors 
Appendix B: Language of Blessings and Curses 
Appendix C: End-Times Imagery in the New Testament

©2019 Beginning with Moses. Designed and built by David Turner